Beginner Basics / Building Layers With Oil Paint

Beginner Basics / Building Layers With Oil Paint

are you having trouble making your
layers stick to each other when you’re painting oil I’m gonna show you the best
way to get your layers of paint to stick on top of each other coming up in this
video right here coming at you hey guys Wild4Games coming at you from my
creative control playlist if this is your first time here consider subscribing I’m
trying to bring you the best content to help expand your brand while you’re
painting and doing everything creative out there in this video today we’re
gonna go over how to get your layers to stick on top of each other the best way
to do that is by actually showing you so let’s move on over to my pallet canvas
and I’m gonna show you how to think about your paint when applying on top of
each other when talking about layers that are gonna stick to each other it’s
best to think about the paint in things that we can relate them to best so we’re
gonna have three layers of paint we’re gonna have a firm and thick paint and
we’re gonna have a creamy which is like a pudding style type of paint and then
we’re gonna have an ink slash watery type of paint these are the best three
terms to use that will stick to one another so we’re gonna have thick creamy
and ink now all of the ink slash watery paint will stick to the creamy pudding
paint and the creamy pudding paint will stick to the firm and thick paint so you
can use all three of these to create an amazing picture so what constitutes a
thick or firm paints well basically grab anyone of your tubes and release the cap
and give it a good squeeze if the paint can stand to a half an inch to a full
inch on its own that’s how you know you have a nice firm paint that can be used
as your base coat for anything that you’re gonna apply it to these would be
good for a mountain skies bushes water and so forth
so let’s cut a little off and let’s put this under our firm thick setting here
I’m going to cut it in half and move it to the creamy and pudding section and
take one more piece and put it under the ink and water section as well now most
of you out there are probably already accustomed to firm paints it applies and
nice thick tones has bold rich colors and applies
but you do need a lot of it to cover a full area but it is the best for using
for a base coat if you’re gonna put other layers on top of it so you want to
make sure it’s nice and firm whenever you’re applying it to a certain
section the next style of paint we’re gonna talk about is creamy / pudding
paints and that’s the best way to think of it think of it as a pudding to
achieve this look all you need to do is add one or two drops of linseed oil you
can use cold pressed or refined it’s completely up to you I highly stress
start with only one to two drops you can always add more to get the texture that
you need but you can never take away all you need to do is just put a drop or two
in and start mixing with your blade or your brush until you get the texture
that you like make sure it’s creamy enough that it’s gonna stick to your
firm or thick painting if it’s not sticking you may have to add another
drop or two to get it the way that you like it if we grab a paintbrush you’ll
see how smooth and how buttery this paint applies to the canvas just a fair
note if you do add linseed oil it will add a slight transparency the more
linseed oil you add the more the transparency will occur but all of this
creamy paint will stick to the firm thick paint so there you already have
one layer on top of another that’s going to look perfect last we have Inc water
style type of paints and to achieve this effect I like to use just some clean
paint thinner odorless paint thinner to be precise and
I add a drop or two to my paint and it’s gonna eat away all the firmness and make
it very very thin almost like ink slash water and this ink paint will apply
easily to the creamy pudding paint so we can get three layers going on top of one
another so now I’m going to take three basic colors red yellow and green and
I’m gonna use these to make a bush on a canvas for you guys so I’m going to take
two firm colors blue and green to make a nice dark base color here and mix that
up and then I’m going to add linseed oil to my yellow to get a nice creamy
pudding color and then last I’m going to add just a few drops of odorless paint
thinner to the red to make my ink slash watercolor and then we’re gonna go to
our canvas and we’re gonna apply these all together now that we have all of our
colors ready to rock and roll on our canvas we’re gonna take a one-inch brush
through our firm paint which is consisted of our blue and green if you
remember and we’re gonna slowly just start tapping a basic Bush this isn’t a
tutorial for bushes so I’m just throwing in color randomly to show you how color
sticks to color if you guys want I will do a Busch tutorial at a later time but
just throw a basic Bush in here just so you can get the kind of idea
make sure to throw in firm paint and to push with enough pressure to get
everything to stick out from that brush with a clean 1 inch brush take it
through our creamy paint and this is gonna allow us to have highlights on top
of our bushes run it through in one direction with the bristles and you’ll
get a rounded top we’re gonna use this top to go along the outer outline of our
Bush try to do one Bush at a time but again like I said this isn’t a tutorial
on bushes this is a tutorial on how to put layers on top of layers just slowly
put a little bit of pressure on top of the bush and the paint will magically
stick to it since we have a creamy texture it’s easily gonna come off of
that Bush with just a little bit of pressure
if you’re having trouble maybe make your paint a little more creamier by adding
another drop of linseed oil if you need to and don’t feel like you need to
always be putting paint everywhere remember don’t kill all of your
highlights and don’t kill all of your shadows you need to have contrast next
we’re gonna move on to our water paint I’m gonna use a smaller brush for this
and this is basically like me tapping in little bursts of color maybe you
interpret them as berries or maybe dead bushes or leaves that I’ve turned for
autumn you can make it whatever you want but since it’s a very inky / water color
it’s easily gonna stick on top of the creamy paint that we already put down
and it’s gonna stick even more easily to the firm thick paint that was first
applied down just put little highlights where you think they might lie and there
you have layer on layer on that is sticking easily without any
effort now you probably are wondering how does Bob get such beautiful thick
rich highlights well the answer is quite easy he uses more paint and let’s do
that ourselves let’s throw in a basic Bush right now I’m using my thick firm
paint which is just blue and green to get anything to stick on top of this I’m
gonna have to use my creamy slash pudding paint again I’m gonna use
cadmium yellow and I’m just gonna put a few drops of linseed oil into it to get
a nice creamy texture and pull the paint through in one direction on your
paintbrush and get a nice rounded top again we’re only concerns ourself with
the outline of a bush again this isn’t a tutorial on bushes just on how to get
layers on layers and we’re gonna push that paint brush gingerly into the shape
of a bush and get all of that paint to stick on the outskirts of our bush once
we have all of our highlights put in there all we need to do is just move on
to the next layer we’re gonna take our inky /water style paint which is just my
permanent red rose that has been thinned down with about two to three drops of
odorless paint thinner and there I get to stick that on to my creamy / pudding
paints and this is where you get to see all of the effects takes place and this
is how Bob gets all those rich beautiful almost what looks like color popping off
of the campus because he uses so much of all of those different types of firm
creamy and water style paint hopefully you found all that information very
insightful when you think of paint as in terms of firm creamy and inky it makes
it a lot easier to understand how paints going to apply on top of each other now
this is just the beginning video you can obviously do different layers of
viscosity in between firm and creamy or creamy and ink but that’s a lot more
advanced starting out with these three types makes it very easy you can do a
lot with just three layers so thanks for watching this video if you guys enjoyed
make sure to hit that thumbs up button and that liked and you can even support
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all the time feel free to ask questions if you have any comments sure to make a
comment below if there’s any questions you’d like to know feel free to ask any
of those and let me know what kind of video you’d want me to do next time for
you so I’ll see you guys later have a good one take care and happy painting

43 thoughts on “Beginner Basics / Building Layers With Oil Paint”

  • Good job, Ryan! 🙂 Good style. 🙂 Is there another channel of yours I should be following? 🙂 How about a video on the color wheel, Amigo. 🙂

  • Everything I read says to follow the fat over lean rule. Your top layer doesn’t add any fat. Isn’t this contradictory to fat over lean? Will I get cracking if I follow this example?

  • True, but if you only have one or two brushes then you have to make sure that you get all of the paint thinner out before applying the next layers. Otherwise, you end up with MUD and not those happy little bushes or trees. Lesson learned the hard way. Nasty mess. Bob's brushes are not cheap for someone just starting out with wet on wet oil painting. But, it's beautiful when you get it right. Thanks for sharing your tips.

  • I've been painting with acrylics. I've just started with oils. I thought that using paint thinner would make the paint less 'fat,' therefore making it more 'lean,' and it wouldn't stick as well to more fat layers. Does the ability to stick to the prior layers mean that the paint needs to be a bit thinner, meaning less thick, rather than oily? Wouldn't paint thinner make the paint dry faster than the first layers potentially causing separation or cracking later on? Please help me understand the differences/nuances. Thank you!

  • THANK YOU ! for your replying on, my paint wont stick, is Mona Lisa oil paint thinner OK to use?Buddy

  • Thank you for your videos😊 I'm a lil confused… the thick/firm paint is straight from the tube….no thinner or oil? Also, the creamy paint… can we use galkyd gel instead of an oil added?

  • One of the biggest problem I have is getting the liner brush to work nicely like BR, I make the paint like ink and spin the brush to get a sharp point on the brush but when I try to apply it the bristles separate and I don't get nice sharp solid lines I get broken lines that look like a brush painted line not a branch of trig on trunk whatever I try to paint. Do you have any suggestions to help? Maybe a video on using the liner brush in the BR style?

  • Great video! A bush tutorial would be awesome, I tried my first painting and it was just so so. My bushes were so bad, lol. and I tried a tree with the bush style leaves and boy was that bad also, but was fun, I'll keep practicing.

  • Big Bob Ross fan and have been painting that style for six years. I just found your videos and they are very helpful. I have always heard that linseed oil will yellow drastically as it dries and that there are better choices for adding “fat”/oil to your paint. Am I off base? Thanks for any advice.

  • Oh…this makes so much sense. I tried to follow a Bob Ross video and was wondering why everything just seemed to blend together instead of sticking. First time with oil paints. He definitely makes it look so much easier. Thank you for this!

  • I think you should add "wet-in-wet" to the title, so people find what they are looking for and don't misunderstand things.

  • You are removing the mystic of oil painting one layer at a time! I am so glad I found you, I am rethinking everything I thought I knew and starting over! You rock!

  • Hi, Love the video and it is very helpful. One thing I do have a question is Bob Ross uses liquid white to make a paint thinner so with that would we use liquid white to get the cream paint? Also, some of my tube paints when I squeeze the paint out I get oil with the paint. If that happens then just use that color for creamy or ink paint? Thank you in advance. Toni

  • It's not advisable to use solvent to dilute the last layer of paint because it violates the principle of fat over lean. What I recommend it always add more oil to later layers, otherwise there will be chance of cracking, because solvents evaporate quicker than oil oxidizes.

  • What worries me is that the paint thinner layer seems to violate the "fat over lean" principle. It seems like making the paint thinner would be better done by adding more oil, at least from a longevity standpoint. Do you have some perspective on this? I have literally no experience, and I'm trying to learn as much as I can before I dive in. Thanks!

  • Does this follow the “fat over lean” theory? I’ve never painted with oils so I’m a total noob. The consistency is the exact opposite of watercolor and gouache when using the “tea, coffee, milk, cream, butter” technique popularized by Joseph Zbukvic. Some say watercolor is the hardest medium, but I disagree! Of course, as a watercolorist, I would, lol. Thanks for all these oil painting tips.

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