Science, Engineering and Design! Video 3: Art in Engineering

Science, Engineering and Design! Video 3: Art in Engineering

[MUSIC PLAYING] You might not think that art
and engineering go together, but in reality, they complement
each other very well. Many things that engineers
have put together could be considered
art, and many things that artists have done take
some serious engineering. But what does engineering have
to benefit from artistic skills and thinking like an artist? One example you might have
seen in the previous video is sketching, an important
way of communicating ideas that might be difficult
to do otherwise. Let’s take a look at engineering
through the eyes of someone who’s trying to
design something. Let’s say you’re trying to
design a machine that launches a volleyball into the air,
something that could be used to help someone practice their
volleyball skills when no one else is around. Now, when you first set
out to design something that solves a problem,
a great first step is brainstorming by thinking
of a lot of different ways to solve that problem. I have some sketches here
from the brainstorming session in video two of this series. Let’s take a closer
look at them. These sketches better
convey the product idea way better than words can do alone. You see how clear
they are and how the idea is conveyed
really quickly just by taking a quick look? Something like this doesn’t
have to be perfect or take a long time either. This type of
sketching is sometimes called ideation sketching. There are a few
basic pointers that can help you get started
making your own sketches. So the basic motions
for sketching actually come from your entire arm,
not just your hand alone. So the first kind
of warm up exercise that we’re going to go through,
the first basic sketching technique, is the curved line. So to do a curved line,
what you want to do is hold your wrist
locked, and you kind of want to pivot your whole
arm about the elbow. So by using this
pivoting motion, you can kind of
get a curve shape. So after you practice the
curved line motion, or the arc, the next important
sketch move is going to be the straight line. So for a straight line, you
want to take the motion that you had before, kind of
take that arc motion, but you also want to add a
little bit of lateral motion. And then that way,
you can kind of get something that
comes out more straight. So that’s how you
get lines like this. Some things to pay attention to. If you notice that your lines
are a little bit to wiggly, you might be going a
little bit too slow. A lot of this sketching
is really fast, and loose, and kind of bold,
so you don’t want to have too many wiggly lines. OK. Why don’t you practice
straight lines for a while? The next basic shape
is to do some circles. The way to do a circle is
you kind of hold your hand over the page. You hold your pen over the page. And without touching down, you
make a few practice circles. And then as soon
as you’re ready, you kind of touch down
and make a circle shape, and that’s how you can get
something that’s pretty round. Now, you can draw your
circles around a couple times to kind of
calibrate, and that’s how you can fine
tune your circles. So practice these
skills and use them as a way to warm up when you’re
ready to do some sketching. And if you practice
these basic shapes, you’ll be better at
putting them together to get more complicated
shapes and to build up more complicated drawings. Computer software can be used to
help in different ways as well. On the technical
side of engineering, computer aided design
software, or CAD software, can be used to figure
out the exact dimensions of your designs, and also, to
have a precise visual model. One example shown here is called
SOLIDWORKS a common engineering design tool. This can be an extremely
effective tool for figuring out the placement of special
features in your design, such as holes, and
making sure several parts fit together exactly. There are also tools
that are usually associated with art
and graphic design, such as Adobe Illustrator
and Photoshop, which are commonly used in
engineering, specifically product design. By using these
tools, one can better show others what the
intention of their design is. This can be useful
for communicating to other designers
and engineers, as well as to
potential customers and users of your product. A special type of designer,
called an industrial designer, understands the importance
of visual communication. An industrial designer
uses knowledge of sketching and engineering
to carefully design how people interact with
products, how they look, and how they are used. Industrial designers specialize
in many of the techniques shown in this video. Hopefully, now you’re excited
about all the different things you can do with your
hands, with a pen, and maybe with a
computer mouse too. Keep practicing your
sketching, and you’ll be a better designer in no time.

local_offerevent_note November 5, 2019

account_box Matthew Anderson


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